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Bella rads post-1
Baci stent placed_edited

Less invasive, faster recovery, better outcomes...


Dr. Galvao lecturing at the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine Forum (ACVIM)

We are always asked about what are the procedures we do and the minimally invasive solutions we have for common problems. Attending to requests, we have put everything together in this website to help guide owners and referring veterinarians about the best options available that we offer. 


39 years of


We have the know-how you need.

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Problems/clinical signs
More information here
Ureteral obstruction cats, hydronephrosis, kidney obstruction, dilated ureter, ureteral stone
Subcutaneous ureteral bypass
Ureteral obstruction dog, hydronephrosis, kidney obstruction, pus in kidney
Ureteral stenting
Bladder or urethral stones (large smooth stones in female dogs w/ urinary tract infections caused by Staph, Proteus may be dissolved, others removed)
Laser lithotripsy, Percutaneous cystolithotomy (PCCL)
Bladder or urethral stones (large smooth stones in female dogs w/ urinary tract infections caused by Staph, Proteus may be dissolved, others removed)
Percutaneous cystolithotomy (PCCL), Laser lithotripsy
Individualized I-131 therapy in cats
Respiratory distress, difficult bringing in air (typically older small breed dogs), tracheal malformation
Tracheal stenting
Inability to urinate dog or cat, urinary obstruction (typically secondary to cancer, or granulamotous urethritis)
Urethral stenting
Acute kidney injury (decreased urine production), leptospirosis, azotemia (increased kidney values)
Hematuria (bloody urine), especially if without evidence of obvious masses in bladder or urinary signs
Sclerotherapy for renal hematuria
Immune-mediated hemolytic anemia (IMHA)
Therapeutic plasma exchange
Increased bile acids (post-prandial bile acids >100) in young medium to large breed dogs
Intrahepatic portosystemic shunt – percutaneous transjugular coil embolization (PTCE)
Toxin ingestion or drug overdose
Hemodialysis, hemoperfusion, or therapeutic plasma exchange
Urinary incontinence young female dog (rarely male dog)
Ectopic ureter laser ablation
Choking while eating, repetitive swallowing, inability to keep food down, especially post-anesthesia
Esophageal balloon dilation and BE-tube placement for esophageal strictures
Inability to breathe through nose (typically acute onset in dogs after anesthesia)
Nasopharyngeal stenting for stenosis or tumors
Functional thyroid tumor
I-131 for dogs and cats
Primary hyperparathyroidism dog
Ethanol parathyroid ablation (if wants non-surgical treatment)
Inoperable liver tumor
Chemoembolization of liver tumor
Intractable epistaxis (nasal bleeding)
Arterial embolization
Urinary incontinence (that has failed medications like Proin and DES)
Urethral collagen injections
Chronic hematuria, pollakiuria, recurrent urinary tract infection, polypoid bladder lesion
Bladder polyp cautery snare
Painful defecation, ribbon-like stools, constipation
Rectal stricture ballooning
Regurgitation, rectal bleeding or chronic vomiting caused by polypoid lesion
Gastrointestinal polyp cautery snare
Acute nasal signs, rubbing at face, decreased nasal airflow, nasal discharge
Nasopharyngeal foreign body retrieval
Large foreign body lodged in esophagus (inability to pull with alligator forceps)
Balloon assisted esophageal foreign body retrieval
Urethral tear, inability to pass urethral catheter retrograde
Percutaneous antegrade urethral catherization
Increased bile acids work-up
Nuclear scintigraphy study (post-bile acids <100), CTA (post-bile acids >100)
Chronically increased liver enzymes (esp ALT) +/- increased bile acids.
Laparoscopic liver biopsy
Evaluation of contra-lateral kidney function (if there is a kidney mass that needs removal)
Glomerular filtration rate via scintigraphy
Regurgitation, possible delayed gastric emptying, vomiting
Gastric emptying via scintigraphy
Respiratory distress of unexplained reason (disparity between radiographic findings and clinical signs)
Pulmonary thromboembolism scintigraphy
Biliary obstruction, jaundice, severe hyperbilirubinemia
Biliary obstruction scintigraphy
Unexplained lameness or bone pain
Bone scintigraphy
Microcytic anemia of unknown cause (suspicion for gastrointestinal bleeding.
Alicam capsule endoscopy
Recurrent urinary tract infections, bladder mass/polyp, urinary incontinence, pollakiuria, stranguria
Chronic coughing, recurrent pneumonia, respiratory distress
Inspiratory or expiratory dyspnea
Fluoroscopic airway diagnostics
Chronic gastrointestinal signs of unknown cause (weight loss, chronic vomiting, chronic diarrhea....)
Gastrointestinal endoscopy
Young Boxer, French Bulldog with colitis.
FISH for granulomatous colitis
Recurrent pneumonia in young dog with no obvious cause
Ciliary dyskinesia
Chronic nasal discharge, decreased nasal airflow

About us



This website was created to inform veterinarians about novel procedures available mainly in the field of veterinary interventional radiology and endoscopy, and nuclear medicine. This website is not intended to give direct medical advice to owners. Owners should contact their veterinary professionals for advice.  

2551 Warrenville Rd. Downers Grove, IL 60515

Tel:  630-963-0424


8:00 AM - 6:00 PM

Monday - Thursday





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